Samstag, 31. Mai 2014

Seifenblasen Lace Scarf

Free Knitting Pattern: Seifenblasen Lace Scarf
Knitted from side to side, this scarf forms a lovely crescent using garter stitch short row sections between lacy bits. To me the lace pattern looks like foam or a lot of bubbles - hence the name of this scarf. "Seifenblasen" is the German word for soap bubbles.

The finished scarf is about 2 meters long (measured on the shorter side).



Creative Commons License
This work by Knitting and so son is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



Materials
  • 3.5 mm needles (straight or circular)
  • 110 grams of fingering weight yarn
  • a tapestry needle to weave in ends

Techniques
  • Double yarn over (yo yo): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YRwWNIPGNQU - if the next row is a knitting row (without any lace pattern), you knit a double yarn over as follows: knit into the first yo and purl into the second yo (as shown in the video).
  • German short rows: when you turn, bring yarn to the front and pull it back so that a sort of double-stitch is created, then knit back as usual - when you have to knit the double-stitch, be careful to knit it as one stitch (see also https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P6n561SMZXQ); this method has the advantage the no picking up of stitches is necessary. In the pattern, this stitch will be called t+p (turn and pull).
    (Up until recently, my preferred way of short rows was knitting wrap and turns - you can of course do that as well at the same place as the t+p ... I just wanted to learn a new technique :)

Lace Pattern
The lace pattern used here is very easy to remember - it's made for a stitch count divisible by 4 plus 2 edge stitches.


Row 1 (RS): sl1 (purlwise), *k2tog yo yo k2tog repeat from * until the last stitch, k1
Row 2 (WS): sl1 (purlwise), *yo k2tog k2tog yo repeat from * until the last stitch, k1

After the first row of a lace section, a k2tog is always made from a yo and a k2tog from the row below (see photo on right hand side, where I'm knitting together a k2tog and the first of two yarn overs.

Each lace section consist of 10 rows of lace pattern, all odd rows knitted like row 1 and all even rows knitted like row 2.

Short Row Sections
All short row sections consist of 10 rows in garter stitch, i.e. 5 garter stitch ridges. The first and the last ridge are knitted over the complete row (i.e. no short rows). Only the ridges inbetween are turned earlier, i.e. are short rows as such. Since the piece varies in width, the places where to stop and turn vary also.

Increasing Short Row Sections
With each short row section in the increasing part the stitch count is increased by 4. Since the turning points should be evenly distributed along the width of the piece, the distance between the turns must increase as well.

During the first section, the distance between the turns from row to next row is 2; during the section short row section it's 3, during the third short row sections it's 4, i.e. during the Xth short row section the distance between the turning points is X+1.

That means in general the increasing short row sections are knitted as follows:
Row 1 (RS): k to end (when you encounter a double yarn over, knit it as k1 p1)
Row 2 (WS): k to last stitch, kfb
Row 3 (RS): k to X+1 sts before end, t+p
Row 4 (WS):  k to last stitch, kfb
Row 5 (RS): k to (X+1)*2 sts before end, t+p
Row 6 (WS):  k to last stitch, kfb
Row 7 (RS): k to (X+1)*3 sts before end, t+p
Row 8 (WS):  k to last stitch, kfb
Row 9 (RS): k to end (be careful to knit the double stitches as one stitch)
Row 10 (WS): k to end
Because of the 4 kfb's the stitch count has increased by 4.

So the trick of knowing when to turn is keeping track how many short row sections you've knit before, and adding 1.

For the 1st short row section the stitches at which to turn would be 2 before end (in row 3), 4 before end (in row 5) and 6 before end (in row 7), for the 2nd short section the turns would be 3 before end (row 3), 6 before end (row 5) and 9 before end, in the 3rd short row section  the numbers would be 4 sts, 8 sts and 12 sts before end respectively, for the 4th section 5 sts, 10 sts and 15 sts. And so on ...

Short Row Section Neutral
Row 1 (RS): k to end (when you encounter a double yarn over, knit it as k1 p1)
Row 2 (WS): k to end
Row 3 (RS): k to 17 sts before end, t+p
Row 4 (WS):  k to end
Row 5 (RS): k to 34  sts before end, t+p
Row 6 (WS):  k to end
Row 7 (RS): k to 51  sts before end, t+p
Row 8 (WS):  k to end
Row 9 (RS): k to end (be careful to knit the double stitches as one stitch)
Row 10 (WS): k to end

Short Row Sections Decreasing
The same calculations have to be made backwards when decreasing by 4 stitches. You start with the stitch distance that was used in the last increasing short row section and work your way down. So if Y is the number of increasing short row sections, you knitted during the first half of the scarf , X is Y minus the number of decreasing sections you just knitted. (E.g. you knitted 16 increasing short row sections in the first half, and have now knitted 5 decreasing short row sections, X = 16 - 5 = 11.)

That means in general the decreasing short row sections are knitted as follows:
Row 1 (RS): k to end (when you encounter a double yarn over, knit it as k1 p1)
Row 2 (WS): k to last 2 stitches, k2tog
Row 3 (RS): k to X+1 sts before end, t+p
Row 4 (WS):  k to last 2 stitches, k2tog
Row 5 (RS): k to (X+1)*2 sts before end, t+p
Row 6 (WS):  k to last 2 stitches, k2tog
Row 7 (RS): k to (X+1)*3 sts before end, t+p
Row 8 (WS):  k to last 2 stitches, k2tog
Row 9 (RS): k to end (be careful to knit the double stitches as one stitch)
Row 10 (WS): k to end
Because of the 4 k2tog's the stitch count has descreased by 4.

Here also are some examples to make it a bit clearer. Say, you knitted 16 increasing short row section, i.e. the distance between turns during that section was 17, i.e. in row 3 you knitted to 17 sts before the end and then turned, in row 5 to the 34th stitch before the end, and in row 7 to the 51th stitch before the end. The first decreasing short row section would then be knitted as follows:

Row 1 (RS): k to end (when you encounter a double yarn over, knit it as k1 p1)
Row 2 (WS): k to last 2 stitches, k2tog
Row 3 (RS): k to 17 sts  before end, t+p
Row 4 (WS):  k to last 2 stitches, k2tog
Row 5 (RS): k to 34 sts [17*2] before end, t+p
Row 6 (WS):  k to last 2 stitches, k2tog
Row 7 (RS): k to 51 sts [17*3] before end, t+p
Row 8 (WS):  k to last 2 stitches, k2tog
Row 9 (RS): k to end (be careful to knit the double stitches as one stitch)
Row 10 (WS): k to end
Because of the 4 k2tog's the stitch count has descreased by 4.

Pattern Instructions - Short Version
Basically the pattern consists in alternating lace sections (i.e. 10 rows of lace pattern) with a short row (garter stitch) sections.

  • Cast on 10 and start with a lace section, the knit the first increasing short row section (with the distance of 2 stitches between the turning points), then you knit another lace section and the next short row section (this time with a distance of 3 stitches between the turning points). 
  • Continue - increasing the stitch distances until you have knitted a total of 16 lace sections, then you knit a neutal short row section, i.e. a short rows section with the same stitch distance than the last one (i.e. 17) but without any increases or decreases.
  • Then knit a lace section and the first decreasing short row section, i.e. with a stitch distance of 17, too. You continue with a lace section and a short row section with a distance of 16 stitches between the turning points, then another lace section and a short row section with a stitch distance of 15 and so on. Until you have knitted a short row section with a stitch distance of 2. You should now have 10 stitches on your needles. Finish with a lace section and bind off after the 10th row.
  • Weave in ends and block.


Instructions - Longer Version
    CO10

    Knit a lace section (i.e. 10 rows of lace pattern)

    Knit a the first short row section:
    Row 1 (RS): k to end (when you encounter a double yarn over, knit it as k1 p1)
    Row 2 (WS): k to last stitch, kfb
    Row 3 (RS): k to 2 sts before end, t+p
    Row 4 (WS):  k to last stitch, kfb
    Row 5 (RS): k to 4 sts before end, t+p
    Row 6 (WS):  k to last stitch, kfb
    Row 7 (RS): k to 6 sts before end, t+p
    Row 8 (WS):  k to last stitch, kfb
    Row 9 (RS): k to end (be careful to knit the double stitches as one stitch)
    Row 10 (WS): k to end

    Alternate lace sections and short row sections until you have knitted 16 lace sections and 16 short row sections. The pattern below shows how to knit the short row sections for the 2nd (3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th) increasing lace section
    Row 1 (RS): k to end (when you encounter a double yarn over, knit it as k1 p1)
    Row 2 (WS): k to last stitch, kfb
    Row 3 (RS): k to 3 (4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17) sts before end, t+p
    Row 4 (WS):  k to last stitch, kfb
    Row 5 (RS): k to 6 (8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34) sts before end, t+p
    Row 6 (WS):  k to last stitch, kfb
    Row 7 (RS): k to 9 (12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, 36, 39, 42, 45, 48, 51) sts before end, t+p
    Row 8 (WS):  k to last stitch, kfb
    Row 9 (RS): k to end (be careful to knit the double stitches as one stitch)
    Row 10 (WS): k to end

    Knit a lace section

    Knit the neutral short row section
    Row 1 (RS): k to end (when you encounter a double yarn over, knit it as k1 p1)
    Row 2 (WS): k to end
    Row 3 (RS): k to 17 sts before end, t+p
    Row 4 (WS):  k to end
    Row 5 (RS): k to 34  sts before end, t+p
    Row 6 (WS):  k to end
    Row 7 (RS): k to 51  sts before end, t+p
    Row 8 (WS):  k to end
    Row 9 (RS): k to end (be careful to knit the double stitches as one stitch)
    Row 10 (WS): k to end

    Knit a lace section

    Alternate decreasing short row section and lace sections a total of 16 times, where the decreasing short row sections are knitted as follows for the 1st (2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th) section.
    Row 1 (RS): k to end (when you encounter a double yarn over, knit it as k1 p1)
    Row 2 (WS): k to last 2 stitches, k2tog
    Row 3 (RS): k to 17 (16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2) sts before end, t+p
    Row 4 (WS):  k to last 2 stitches, k2tog
    Row 5 (RS): k to 34 (32, 30, 28, 26, 24, 22, 20, 18, 16, 14, 12, 10, 8, 6, 4) sts before end, t+p
    Row 6 (WS):  k to last 2 stitches, k2tog
    Row 7 (RS): k to 51 (48, 45, 42, 39, 36, 33, 30, 27, 24, 21, 18, 15, 12, 9, 6) sts before end, t+p
    Row 8 (WS):  k to last 2 stitches, k2tog
    Row 9 (RS): k to end (be careful to knit the double stitches as one stitch)
    Row 10 (WS): k to end

    Your stitch count should be ten.

    Knit a final lace section and bind off in knit stitch after the 10the row.

    Weave in ends and block.

    Free Knitting Pattern: Seifenblasen Lace Scarf




    Kommentare:

    1. I love this - very pretty. Put in my favs on Ravelry.

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    2. linda peça, muito bonita uma cor linda,parabens,sandra hiwatashi 3.6 as l8;47 ,um abraço e obrigada, curtir.

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    3. Beautiful. Thank you for the patern instructions :)

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    4. One more gorgeous interesting pattern from you.... thanks for your generosity. I love the beauty created by using math and logic... makes me think of fractals.... inspiring me to maybe finally write and share my own...

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      1. Thank you very much for your nice comment. Glad you like my patterns ... and thanks also for getting me to think about fractals ... there might be some knitting potential there :)

        Please let me know when you publish your own pattern(s) - it's great to see all the creativity here on the internet!

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    5. Beautiful lace scarf!
      Is there any instruction in German?
      Many blessings Monika

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      Antworten
      1. Nein. Die Anleitung gibt es leider nur auf Englisch.
        Viele Grüsse!

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