Samstag, 30. November 2013

Zimtstern Mitts

Since Advent season starts this weekend, here's a "christmassy" pattern. It's called "Zimtstern" because its look reminds me of the traditional Christmas cookie of the same name (the cookies have cinnamon in them ("Zimt") and are formed as a star ("Stern") - here's a recipe (not mine!)).

The Zimtstern mitts are started at the thumb then increased - they combine techniques used in the hexagon mitts and the circle mitts. The stitches in star shape are added as surface crochet (or surface slip stitches) in between the knitted rows. Because of the unusual construction and since surface crochet is fiddly work, the pattern is not really suited for beginners.

Creative Commons License
This work by Knitting and so on is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

German / Deutsch: Eine deutsche Version dieser Anleitung wurde von Bernadette von Törtchens Blog erstellt. Vielen lieben Dank. Details dazu in diesem Blogpost.

Danish / Dansk: A danish translation was written by MarianneHo (Ravelry name) and is available here. Hjertelig tak


These mitts are knitted in 5 parts: they are started at the thumb and then "grow" in a hexagon (knitted in round and refered to as part 1 and 2 in the pattern),  a bind-off of one side of the hexagon creates part of the upper edge the mitts; they then grow bigger in an open hexagon until the edge of the hand is reached (that's part 3 - knitted flat). During part 2 and 3 rows of surface crochet slip stitches are added to create the star pattern. A three needle bind-off creates a seam along the edge of the hand. Now the lower edge of the mitt is lopsided. To even it out a series of short rows is knitted that also include some decreases (part 4 - knitted in the round). With an even lower edge the shaft is lengthened a bit and ribbing is added (part 5).

As with the patterns mentioned above, these are knitted in one piece, i.e. no yarn is cut which minimizes the weaving in of ends.

  • about 30 grams of fingering weight yarn - preferably variegated - the yarn I used is called Corolli by Schulana (link to the yarn's Ravelry page)
  • 3mm dpns (even if you prefer the magic loop technique you will need a 3rd needle for a three-needle bind-off)
  • 2.5mm crochet hook
  • 6 stitch markers

Gauge / Size
  • 7 sts and 9 rows = 2cm x 2cm
  • the finished mitt is about 20 cm high (highest point) with 15 cm circumference at the lower edge (ribbing) and about 14 cm at the top

Techniques and Non-Standard Abbreviations
  • Surface Crochet or surface slip stitches: Using a crochet hook, you make slip stitches through your knitted fabric. The photo on the right shows how it looks when adding surface slip stitches to a knitted fabric. Here's a video and here's a tutorial that both show surface crochet.

  • Three-Needle Bind-Off:
  • Short Rows in the Round (and t+ky) I learned short rows in the round with this helpful video:; however, I ended up doing the pick-ups differently.

    "Wrapping" of the Stitches
    Basically, when you're on the RS, you do wrap the working yarn around the next stitch (from front to back) and then turn your work, i.e. the "normal" wrap and turn (w+t).
    When you are on the wrong side you slip the last stitch, turn your work with the yarn in front, wrap the yarn around the RIGHT needle and knit the slipped stitch. That creates a sort of double-stitch - one half of it has to be knitted together with the stitch in front when you're picking up the stitches. In the pattern, throughout the pattern I will call this stitch, t+ky (short for "turn and knit w/yarn-over").

    When encountering a w+t, I turned the wrapped stitch on the needle, picked up the wrap from the front and knitted the stitch and the wrap together through the back of the loop.
    When reaching the stitch BEFORE the “double-stitch”, I turned this stitch and knitted it together with the yo through the back of the loop.
  • “Make One Purl”-Stitches (a video that shows these stitches):
    • mk1p right-leaning: make one purl stitch by inserting the needle from the back in the bar between the two stitches and purl
    • mk1p left-leaning: make one purl stitch by inserting the needle from the back in the bar between the two stitches and purl through the back of the loop


Part I - Thumb

Join in round
Rounds 1-10: *k1tbl p2 (repeat from * till end of round)

Round 11: *k1tbl p1, mk1p, p1 (repeat from * till end of round)
Rounds 12-15: *k1tbl p1 (repeat from * till end of round)
Round 16: *place marker, k1tbl p1 k1tbl p1 (repeat from * till end of round)

(You have 24 sts on your needles)

Part II - Increases in the Round

Round 0: k
Round 1: *slip marker, k1, mk1l, k to marker; mk1r  (repeat from * till end of round) (after this round you have increased by 12 sts)
Round 2: k
Round 3: k
Round 4: add surface crochet, put the loop from the last stitch on the knitting needle
Round 5: pass loop from crochet hook over the first stitch; knit first stitch; k to end, k to end

Repeat rounds 1-5 a total of 4 times

Then repeat them once more but add a "mini-ribbing" (k1 p1) and bind-off in the last sixth of the hexagon, i.e.:

Round 21: *slip marker, k1, mk1l, k to marker; mk1r  (repeat from * till end of round)
Round 22: k
Round 23: k until the last marker k1, *k1 p1 (repeat from *) until last stitch, k1
Round 24: apply surface crochet, put the loop from the last stitch on the knitting needle
Round 25: pass loop from crochet hook over the first stitch; knit first stitch; k until the last marker binding off in pattern (i.e. k1, *k1 p1 (repeat from *) until last stitch, k1 - this creates the upper bind-off.

(Now you have 70 sts (84 - 14 BO sts) on your needles.)

The diagram shows where to insert the surface crochet stitches during part 2.

 When adding surface crochet,
  • use your working yarn to add slip stitches to the knitted surface, i.e. insert the crochet hook into the first live stitch on the needle and pull the loop, then insert the crochet hook into the stitch below the second stitch and make a slip stitch (see photo), insert the crochet hook into the second stitch below the 3rd stitch on the needle and make a slip stitch; 
  • continue slip stitches "one to the left, one down" until you have reached the middle between two markers, 
  • then go up again, i.e. make a slip stitch into the stitch one to the left and one above; continue until you have reached a live stitch on the needle - this should be a stitch just after a marker
  • when you have pulled a slip stitch through the stitch below the last stitch of the round, put the loop back on the left knitting needle and pass it over the first stitch of the round.
  • make sure to keep your slip stitches loose, i.e. don't pull them too tight, in order to keep the fabric stretchy
  • insert your knitting needle between the legs of the stitch - except when you are at the upper edge (i.e. life knit stitches on your needle), here you draw the slip stitch through the life stitch.
The diagram shows where to put the slip stitches - it shows one sixth of a round or the space between two stitch markers.

Part III - Increases knitted flat

Complete the BO by slipping the last stitch over the first stitch and continue the pattern flat.

Row 1 (RS): * k to marker mk1r slip marker, k1, mk1l  (repeat from * until the last marker), k to end (-> after this row you have increased by 8 stitches)
Row 2 (WS): p
Row 3 (RS): k
Row 4: apply surface crochet (on RS), put the loop from the last stitch on the knitting needle
Row 5 (RS): k2tog (loop from crochet hook and first stitch on knitting needle); k to end

Row 6 (WS): * p to 1 st before marker, mk1p left-leaning, p1, slip marker, make1p right-leaning (repeat from * until last marker), p to end
Row 7 (RS): k
Row 8 (WS): p
Row 9 : apply surface crochet (on RS), put the loop from the last stitch on the knitting needle
Row 10 (WS): p2tog  (loop from crochet hook and first stitch on knitting needle); p to end

Repeat rows 1-7 once again.
(You should now have 102 sts on your needles; 4 times increases of 8 sts per row (4*8 = 32), added to the 70 already on the needles: 70+32 = 102)

When you're applying the surface crochet in part 3, you don't start through the 1st live stitch on the needles but below (see picture). In the first two instances (rows 4 and 9), this is not a problem because you only need to insert your crochet hook one or two stitches below, i.e. you don't need to draw the yarn too far. Afterwards (row 14) you can bring your yarn down to the starting point of the surface crochet by doing one surface slip stitch on the WS of the mitts.
On the diagram below you can see that even though you have finished row 3 for the 2nd time, the first crochet slip stitch would be 3 stitches below the first live stitch.

Hold the RS togehter and do a three-needle bind-off 26 stitches. Place a marker ("end-marker") on the back needle and put the last stitch on the back needle: then turn the mitts inside out, so that the RS shows.

Part 4 - Short rows to even out the shaft

As you can see in the photo, the lower edge of the mitts is now lopsided. This can be evened out by knitting a wedge of short rows.

This wedge is highest around end-marker and gets flatter towards the sides, i.e. short rows are knitted around the end-marker that get shorter by 2 stitches each row. At the same time decreases are made around the end-marker in order to finish with 45 stitches before part 5.

After the three-needle BO you have 51 sts on your needles (102-26-26+1, the +1 is the one stitch is left after the BO that is placed on the back needle).

Row 1: (RS) mk1, k25 w+t
   (WS) sl1, p21 p2tog p1, slip marker, mk1p, p23 t+ky
   (RS) k to 3 before end marker, ssk
(-> increases and decreases cancel each other out in this row (still 51 sts), the mk1-stitches are used to avoid holes between the stitch left over from the three-needle-BO and the next stitch on either side)
Row 2: (RS) k22 w+t
   (WS) sl1 p19 p2tog p1, slip marker, p2togtbl, p20 t+ky
   (RS) k2 to end marker (-> decrease by 2 sts, 49 sts)
Row 3: (RS) k19 w+t
   (WS) sl1 p16 p2tog p1, slip marker, p2togtbl, p17 t+ky
   (RS) k2 to end marker (-> decrease by 2 sts, 47 sts)
Row 4: (RS) k16 w+t
   (WS) sl1 p13 p2tog p1, slip marker, p2togtbl, p14 t+ky
   (RS) k2 to end marker (-> decrease by 2 sts => there should be 45 stitches on your needles, however, they may be difficult to count because of the double stitches created with the short rows.
Row 5: (RS): k13 w+t
   (WS): sl1 p to end marker, p12 t+ky
   (RS): k to end marker
Row 6:  (RS): k11 w+t
   (WS): sl1 p to end marker, p10 t+ky
   (RS): k to end marker
Row 7: (RS): k9 w+t
   (WS): sl1 p to end marker, p8 t+ky
   (RS): k to end marker
Row 8: (RS): k7 w+t
   (WS): sl1 p to end marker, p6 t+ky
   (RS): k to end marker
Row 9: (RS): k5 w+t
   (WS): sl1 p to end marker, p4 t+ky
   (RS): k to end marker

Knit one round picking up all stitches.

Part 5 - Lengthen the shaft and ribbing
Knit 5 more rounds.
Then do 12 rounds of k1tbl, p2-ribbing.
Bind off (loosely) in pattern (or use your favourite stretchy bind-off).

33 Kommentare:

  1. I love these mitts and they look like fun to knit. Thank you for sharing!

  2. Gibt´s das Muster auch auf deutsch? Und wenn ja, wo? Weihnachtliche Grüße Jutta

    1. Hallo Jutta,
      nicht dass ich wüsste ... also, von mir gibt es nur die englische Version und bis jetzt hat mich niemand angefragt, ob er eine Übersetzung erstellen könnte (, die ich dann verlinken könnte). Aber es ist halt viiiiel Arbeit :)
      Weihnachtliche Grüsse!

    2. hallo ich würde mich auch riesig über eine übersetzung freuen

  3. Hallo!

    Ich muss dir ein ganz ganz großes Kompliment zu deinen Handschuhen machen. Die sind einfach nur großartig! Mir gefällt das Muster und die Farben. Ich LIEBE sie einfach. Leider kann ich aber nicht stricken...aber vielleicht irgendwann mal XD

    Liebe Grüße

    1. Vielen lieben Dank. Deine Amigurumis sind auch sehr schön. Falls du irgendwann mal stricken lernst, wären die Handschuhe aber nicht das erste Projekt, dass ich dir empfehlen würde :)
      Lieber Gruss zurück!

  4. Thanks for the pattern - I love it! Thanks also for the warning about the download. One of the ads on your sidebar was displaying a very convincing "Download" button, and I might have clicked it if you hadn't included the warning.

  5. Amazing...
    please, make a video...

    1. Thank you.
      But I can't make a video (no equipment) ... sorry!

  6. Hallo,
    Ich bin grase dabei die Stulpen zu stricken. Jetzt habe ich ein Verständnisproblem.
    Binin Reihe 4 von Part3. Muss ich jetzt quasi von Links nach Rechts häkeln? Und wie geht das dann? Ich glaube ich hab da grade nen großen Knoten im Kopf.
    Danke im Voraus.
    Liebe Grüße,

    1. Hallo Blossom,
      so wie ich das sehe, hast du kein Verständnisproblem :)
      Ja, in dieser Reihe muss man quasi von links nach rechts häkeln, und, ja, das fühlt sich ungewohnt an, weil man eben in die "falsche" Richtung häkelt. (Ich fand diese Reihe auch am mühsamsten.)
      Alternativ kannst du zurück stricken und dann den Stern aufhäkeln; allerdings musst du dann aufpassen, dass du in der Reihe drunter anfängst, so dass die Abstände zwischen den aufgehäkelten Sternen gleich bleiben.
      Ich hoffe das hilft.

    2. Oh danke!
      Das hilft sehr. Mal schauen für welche Variante ich mich entscheide.
      Bis auf dieses kleine Problem lief es bisher wirklich gut.
      Danke für die wunderschöne Anleitung und die schnelle Hilfe.

  7. Soooo mooi.....ek hou baie daarvan!

  8. Can you do this pattern in a crochet version, please?

    1. Even though I have done some crochet versions for other patterns, for this one I probably won't do it. The effect is achieved because of the look of surface crochet on (knitted) stockinette stitch and I wouldn't know how to do that in crochet.

  9. This is really beautiful! I have no idea how to make it but thanks for sharing the patterns! Nice to meet you!

    1. Thank you very much - and nice to meet you, too!

  10. I love your mittens! I'm not a knitter so I could never make them but they are really pretty, love the colors in them and the star pattern.

  11. Hallo :)
    die sind echt mega toll.. schade das es dafür keine deutsche anleitung gibt. mein englisch reicht dafür leider nicht aus :(

    1. Hallo Sabrina, freut mich, dass dir das Design gefällt. Leider ist es superviel Arbeit eine Anleitung zu schreiben, so dass ich eher selten noch eine deutsche Version erstelle. Falls jemand eine Übersetzung erstellt, verlinke ich aber sehr gerne darauf.
      Alles Gute in 2016!

  12. the cast on is done by crochet or knitting?

    1. Everything except the surface crochet is done in knitting, i.e. the cast on is a knitting cast on as well. I used a long tail CO, But any stretchy CO will do.
      Hope this helps.

  13. Hallo Sybil,

    ich würde gerne die Anleitung für die Zimtstern Mitts übersetzen.
    Bei Teil 4 habe ich jedoch Verständnisprobleme.
    Ich habe 51 Maschen, die übrig gebliebene Masche vom Abketten liegt auf der hinteren Nadel, zwischen dieser und den anderen Maschen habe ich den Maschenmarkierer gesetzt. Wenn ich die Arbeit nach außen drehe, liegt diese eine Masche rechts auf der Nadel, der Markierer dahinter (so würde ich das verstehen).
    Demnach müsste ich noch vor dem Markierer 1 M zunehmen, dann 25 M re und dann die Wickelmasche arbeiten.
    Nach der Wickelmasche 1 M abheben, dann 21 M li, 2 li zusammen, 1 li, Markierer abheben, 1 zunehmen, 23 li, Wickelmasche abstricken.
    Bei mir ist der Markierer bei dieser Variante aber schon an einer anderen Stelle (nach der Abnahme). Und ich komme mit den restlichen Maschen bis zur Wickelmasche nicht auf 23 M, es sind mehr.
    Wo genau wird der Markierer gesetzt? Wird vor oder nach der einen M zugenommen?
    Die Wickelmasche müsste sich ja eigentlich genau da befinden, wo man beim Häkeln an der tiefsten Stelle in der Runde/Reihe häkelt.

    Verzweifelte Grüße

    1. Hallo Törtchen
      1) Ich freue mich immer sehr, wenn sich jemand die Mühe machen möchte, meine Anleitungen zu übersetzen - unter der Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial Lizenz. Wenn du dies also übersetzt würde ich die Übersetzung gerne vom Blog und von Ravelry aus verlinken.
      2) Deine inhaltliche Frage kann ich nicht beantworen ohne das ganze selber noch mal auszuprobieren. Es ist jetzt drei Jahre her, seit ich das gestrickt und geschrieben habe, und ich habe die Details nicht mehr im Kopf.
      Ich weiss nicht, ob ich dies in der nächsten Zeit schaffe.
      Liebe Grüsse

  14. Hallo,

    ich würde die Stulpen gerne genauso stricken - welches Garn hast du dafür genommen, damit der Farbverlauf so aussieht? Vielen Dank für die Antwort!

    1. Hallo, das ist Colorelli von Schulana. Ich glaube die Farbe ist Nr. 3.
      Viel Spaß beim stricken!

  15. I am having trouble straight off. Round 1 of part 2 makes no sense to me. How do I knit to the marker that I slipped that marks the start of the next round if I am supposed to increase by 12 stitches before the round is finished?

  16. Hi, I love the colours of these mitts. Would you, by any chance, remember the brand and the colour of the yarn you used to knit these mitts?

  17. Very cool pattern! I love the combination of knit and crochet too - thanks for posting. :)